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Couplings are devices used to connect two shafts together and are divided into two categories: Rigid and Flexible.
Both are used for the purpose of transmitting power, rigid couplings being more limited in. applications as compared to flexible couplings. Rigid couplings are used where shafts are already positioned in. precise lateral and angular alignment. Their design does not allow for any misalignment between shafts, but are generally able to transmit more power than flexible couplings. Flexible couplings are designed to accommodate misalignment between shafts and various types of load conditions. Many styles and types of couplings are available. For successful coupling selection, application conditions must be clearly understood....
SDP/SI offers a wide variety of both rigid and flexible couplings. Many of our couplings are designed with the unique Fairloc® Hub design, including the Miniature Fairloc® Bellows Coupling and the Neo-Flex Coupling. Modular Bellows Couplings can be configured to accommodate various shaft diameters and provide backlash-free torque transmission. Magnetic Disk Couplings are built to handle up to 3° of angular offset and operate in. temperatures up to 284°F.
Flexible Shafts are also offered by SDP/SI and can be substituted in. place of more expensive gear trains and universal joints in. applications where the load must be moved in. many directions. Flexible Shafts are stiff in. torsion and very compliant in. bending and lateral misalignments. They are extremely useful where the load is located in. a remote position requiring many gear and shafting combinations. The basic design considerations are torque capacity, speed, direction of rotation, bend radii and service conditions.
Metal and Molded Universal Joints
Universal joints are used to transmit power, motion or both. It is a mechanical connection between intersecting shafts, which are usually not parallel. Cardan joint or Hooke joint is the most common and consists of two yokes, one on each shaft, connected by a cross-shaped intermediate member called the spider. The angle between the shafts is called the operating angle. It is usually constant during operation, but not necessarily so. Good design practice calls for low operating angles, often less than 25°.
Universal joints are available in. steel or in. thermoplastic body members. For maximum load-carrying capacity for a given size a steel universal joint should be selected. Universal joints with thermoplastic body members are used in. light industrial applications in. which their self-lubricating feature, light weight, negligible backlash, corrosion resistance and capability for high-speed operation are significant advantages.... Ball-jointed universals are used for high-speed operation and for carrying large torques. They are available in. miniature and standard sizes.
SDP/SI pioneered the concept of combining the exceptional qualities of selected plastic materials with different metals to create products which incorporate both. “SUPER-PLAST®” designs have the following advantages:
• Inexpensive replacement of metal components
• Dampens vibration
• Corrosive and chemical resistant
• Electrically insulated
SDP/SI offers an extensive selection of inch and metric dimensioned universal joints available in. steel, stainless steel, acetal and acetal with brass spider and inserts as standard catalog items.
The molded universal joints can be manufactured to special requirements:
• Bores molded to accommodate square, “D” shape or hexagonal shafts
• Shafts molded into the components
• Zero backlash or components with built-in. backlash
• Gears, pulleys or other components molded or assembled to couplings or universal joints
Call to discuss your special need or application.
PRECISION BELLOWS COUPLINGS:
Materials: Brass, Bronze, Stainless Steel, Nickel, Steel, Aluminum, Neoprene, Nylon, Zinc
Bore Size: 0.0625 in. (1mm) - 1.750 in. (45mm)
Outer Diameter: 0.250 in. (6.4mm) - 3.700 in. (94mm)
Length: 0.480 in. (14.2mm) - 3.55 in. (90.3mm)
SDP/SI Bellows Couplings are flexible couplings designed to accommodate various types of load conditions. SDP/SI Hi-Flex Bellows Couplings are used for applications which require large amounts of shaft misalignment combined with low resultant radial loads on the bearings. SDP/SI Modular Bellows Couplings are configurable and provide high torsional rigidity for high speed torque transmission. A wide variety of bore sizes and combinations are offered to accommodate specific needs.
COMMERCIAL & PRECISION FLEXIBLE COUPLINGS:
Materials (include): Aluminum, Stainless, Steel, Resin, Brass, Bronze, Steel, Iron, Nickel, Copper, Polymer, Rubber, Acetal, Neoprene, Nylon, Zinc, Silicone, Polyurethane, Polyimide, Polyethylene, Fiberglass
Bore: 0.0625 in. (1mm) - 1.750 in. (45mm)
Outer Diameter: 0.25 in. (6.4mm) - 3.70 in. (94mm)
Length: 0.375 in. (7mm) - 3.55 in. (90.3mm)
Flexible Couplings have the ability to compensate for shaft misalignment and are designed to accommodate various types of load conditions. No one type of coupling can provide the universal solution to all coupling problems; hence many designs are available, each possessing construction features to accommodate one or more types of application requirements. SDP/SI offers many styles of flexible couplings, such as bellows couplings, helical couplings, oldham couplings, universal joints, and flexible shafts.
PRECISION FLEXIBLE ANTIVIBRATION COUPLINGS:
Materials: Aluminum, Steel, Rubber
Bore Size: 3 mm - 16 mm
Outer Diameter: 15 mm - 39 mm
Length: 18 mm - 55 mm
For position accuracy and vibration reduction in. a servo system, these couplings solve misalignment challenges in. response-mandatory servo systems designed for the semiconductor manufacturing equipment industry, scanning equipment and many automation applications. Standard sizes available in. bores 3 mm thru 16 mm. Call for custom requirements.
PRECISION HELICAL COUPLINGS:
Materials: Aluminum, Stainless Steel, Steel
Bore Size: 0.094 in. (2mm) - 1.00 in. (12mm)
Outer Diameter: 1/4 in. (6.35mm) - 2 1/4 in. (31.8mm)
Length: 0.37 in. (20mm) - 3.50 in. (58mm)
SDP/SI Helical Couplings, or beam couplings, are another type of flexible coupling allowing for axial motion, angular misalignment and parallel offset. This coupling design features one-piece construction resulting in. zero backlash. The coupling is made flexible by removing material from the piece in. a spiral pattern. SDP/SI Helical Couplings are available in. aluminum and stainless steel.
PRECISION JUNIOR (BOWEX NYLON) COUPLINGS:
Bore Size: 6 mm - 20 mm
Outer Diameter: 40 mm - 52 mm
Length: 48 mm - 56 mm
Two-and Three-Piece Junior Coupling are curved tooth gear coupling made of nylon. Designed to compensate for axial, radial and angular misalignment, it is lightweight and maintenance free.
PRECISION MAGNETIC DISK COUPLINGS:
Materials: Stainless Steel, Steel, Nickel
Bore Size: 0.125 in. (5mm) - 1.000 in. (19mm)
Outer Diameter: 1.06 in. (27mm) - 2.86 in. (73mm)
Length: 0.63 in. (15mm) - 1.00 in. (25.4mm)
PRECISION MINIATURE BALL COUPLINGS:
Materials: Stainless Steel, Nylon
Bore Size: 0.0625 in. (2mm) - 0.6250 in. (16mm)
Outer Diameter: 7/32 in. (5.6mm) - 1.0 in. (25.4mm)
Length(closed): 5/8 in. (15.9mm) - 1 7/8 in. (47.6mm)
PRECISION MULTI - JAWED COUPLINGS:
Materials: Stainless Steel
Bore Size: 0.1248 in. - 0.2498 in.
Outer Diameter: 0.75 in.
Length: 0.87 in.
SDP/SI Precision Multi-jawed Coupling is a rigid coupling that accommodates minimal shaft misalignment. The helical gear coupling enables a positive connection between two shafts that can be disconnected or connected at any time when stopped.
COMMERCIAL & PRECISION OLDHAM COUPLINGS:
Materials: Stainless Steel, Aluminum, Acetal, Brass
Bore Size: 0.125 in. (2mm) - .5625 in. (12mm)
Outer Diameter: 0.25 in. (6.4mm) - 1.62 in. (41.1mm)
Length: 0.50 in. (12.7mm) - 2.00 in. (50.8mm)
Oldham Couplings consist of three members. A floating member is trapped by 90° displaced grooves between the two outer members which connect to the drive shafts. Oldham Couplings can accommodate lateral shaft misalignments up to 10% of nominal shaft diameters and up to 3° angular misalignments. Lubrication is a problem but can in. most applications be overcome by choosing a coupling that uses a wear resistant plastic or an elastomer in. place of steel or bronze floating members.
COMMERCIAL & PRECISION RIGID SHAFT COUPLINGS:
Materials: Stainless Steel, Acetal, Aluminum, Steel, Brass
Bore Size: 0.09 in. (0.8mm) - 0.50 in. (15.0mm)
Outer Diameter: 0.125 in. (7mm) - 0.53 in. (27mm)
Length: 0.21 in. (7mm) - 1.00 in. (38mm)
Rigid Couplings have limited applications unlike flexible couplings. Rigid couplings do not have the ability to compensate for shaft misalignments are therefore used where shafts are already positioned in. precise lateral and angular alignment. Because of their simple rugged design, rigid couplings are generally able to transmit more power than flexible couplings of comparable size. However, this is not an important advantage, unless the application is high horsepower.
COMMERCIAL FLEXIBLE SHAFTS WITH CASING:
Materials: Bronze, Brass, Steel
Flexible Shaft Diameter: 0.13 in. - 0.25 in.
Length: 24 in. - 48 in.
PRECISION & COMMERCIAL FLEXIBLE SHAFTS WITHOUT CASING:
Materials: Stainless Steel, Steel
Flexible Shaft Diameter: 0.098 in. (1.7mm) - 0.250 in. (6.4mm)
Length: 3 in. (50mm) - 14 in. (355mm)
PRECISION & COMMERCIAL METAL UNIVERSAL JOINTS:
Materials: Stainless, Steel, Steel, Zinc
Bore Size: 0.0938 in. (2.5mm) - 0.6250 in. (20mm)
Outer Diameter: 3/16 in. (4.76mm) - 1 in. (32mm)
Length: 1 in. (25.4mm) - 7.30 in. (185mm)
Single and double joint stainless steel and alloy steel universal joints are offered with a variety of bore sizes. Miniature universal joints feature zero backlash, sealed-in. lubrication and low inertia. Inverted design universal joints are small in. size and lightweight for given torque capacity. These joints may be made into telescoping units by mating them with telescoping miniature ball splines.
COMMERCIAL PLASTIC UNIVERSAL JOINTS:
Bore Size: 1/8 in. (2mm) - 3/8 in. (10mm)
Outer Diameter: 1/4 in. (6.3mm) - 5/8 in. (15.9mm)
Length: 3/4 in. (19mm) - 4 13/32 in. (111.8mm)
Plastic universal joints are inexpensive, dampen vibration, electrically insulating, and are well suited for low torque applications. We offer a wide variety of sizes and styles as standard catalog items. We can also manufacture them to specific requirements, please consult SDP/SI Engineering for further details.
COMMERCIAL TELESCOPING UNIVERSAL JOINTS:
Materials: Acetal, Brass, Stainless Steel
Bore Size: 0.125 in. (2mm) - 0.6250 in. (14mm)
Outer Diameter: 0.25 in. (6.3mm) - 0.625 in. (25.41mm)
Length(closed): 1.5 in. (38.1mm) - 10.1 in. (256mm)
Stainless steel telescoping universal joints are offered in. a number of sizes and are heat and corrosion resistant. Telescoping miniature universal joints feature zero backlash and accommodate 1/4 axial motion. Molded universal joints with a molded slide extension or brass slide extension are available in. a variety of sizes, shorter or longer lengths are available on special order.
PRECISION ZERO BACKLASH UNIVERSAL JOINTS:
Materials: Stainless Steel
Bore Size: 0.0938 in. (Solid) - 0.5000 in. (14mm)
Outer Diameter: 3/16 in. (4.76mm) - 1 in. (25.41mm)
Length: 1.0 in. (25.4mm) - 3 7/8 in. (98.6mm)
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